The concept of green architecture has existed for decades, but has quickly arrive to the fore in recent years. Creating a sustainable environment requires building environmentally friendly and energy efficient buildings.
With the creativity of talented green architects, sustainable architecture has reduced the devastating impact of construction on the environment. Energy efficient green buildings are becoming increasingly popular as more and more homeowners accept them.
What is green architecture?
Green architecture is all about Design of sustainable buildings The main purpose of minimizing the harmful effects of the structure on the environment and human health. Green architecture goes beyond planting green plants on walls and roofs. It also covers other sustainable topics such as:
- Renewable energy sources such as wind and solar energy
- Efficient ventilation systems for cooling and heating
- Energy saving appliances and lighting
- Less damage to natural habitats
- Restoration of the recycling architecture
- Responsible harvesting
- Maximization of natural housing possibilities
The most famous green architects in the world
Green architects have standard knowledge of architectural design. additional qualifications This shows their experience and knowledge of green technology. In this article it is worth knowing the five most influential green architects in the world.
1. Frank Lloyd Wright
For many, the pioneer of green architecture. However, some people reject this claim on the grounds that there has been sustainable architecture since the ancient Greeks. Ancient Roman aqueducts used the same principle as green architecture.
Frank Lloyd Wright did most of his work in the early 1920's.pearl Century. As the father of organic architecture, he designed structures in their natural form to blend in perfectly with their surroundings. Many of these structures are still stable today.
The principles of organic architecture enabled Lloyd Wright to design various structures because his concept was not a style but a philosophy. Some of the structures designed by Wright conclude:
- Concrete unity stamp, Illinois
- Falling Water, Pennsylvania
- Stucco and stone house and studio, Wisconsin
Sustainable aspects of Falling Water, one of Wright's most recognizable designs, were the surrounding waterfall and the "paradise" forest. By using locally available resources, the structure has become conspicuous and blends perfectly with nature. Based on today's standards, some of the Wright structures may not be green.
2. Ken Yeang
Ken Yeang, an architect from Malaysia, has made remarkable achievements in green and sustainable architecture. His career as a green architect began in the 1970s, after he had submitted his dissertation on ecological design and planning.
In Ken Yeang's career, one of his most important contributions was the design of the bioclimatic skyscraper. Instead of competing with the environment for space, he used it to design. This made his structures more conspicuous and sustainable.
Today, many architects use Yeang's architectural designs to build sustainable skyscrapers based on the environment. They design buildings and imitate the characteristics of nature. According to Yeang, it is a contradiction to be unable to imitate nature.
Ken Yeang designed several buildings, some of which were much appreciated. Some of the buildings:
- National Library, Singapore
- Solaris Tower, Singapore
- Spire of the Edge Tower, India
- Fusionopolis, Singapore
- Eco Tower, London
Solaris Tower The bioclimatic skyscraper is one of Yeang's most popular designs for the application of construction techniques. It has a continuous ecological spiral ramp that runs from the ground. It then connects the basement of the building with the surrounding park. The vertical organic landscape creates a refreshing shadow-cooling effect.
3. Renzo Piano
Renzo Piano, an Italian architect, is one of the most respected green architects in the world. Renzo's building ideas go beyond limiting environmental concerns and the stereotypical design of sustainable buildings. By adding green elements to their designs, they make their structures environmentally friendly.
Renzo Piano has designed many buildings that are outstanding worldwide. Some of the building designs conclude:
- New York Times Building, New York
- Shard, London
- Center Pompidou in Paris
- California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco
Of all the designs by Renzo Piano, the California Academy of Sciences is the most popular green architecture design. The complex fits perfectly into the environment. On the green roof are three domes with local vegetation for the native fauna.
The California Academy of Sciences building houses a planetarium, an aquarium, a natural history museum and an artificial rainforest. With more than 60,000 photovoltaic cells, the building uses 90 percent of the natural light.
4. Glenn Murcutt
Glenn Murcutt is one of Australia's most influential architects, having received several awards, including the prestigious Pritzker. Inspired by traditional buildings in his country, his career began with the design of simple and modern buildings.
An inspiration to Glenn was the wool household in New South Wales. These long and narrow structures were built to create sustainable living. They are positioned so that they can optimally use the winch for cooling and the sun for heating.
Glenn Murcutt designed houses using the sump principle with efficient heating and cooling systems. Not to mention, such houses had open floor plans for a good air circulation. Some of the buildings that Glenn designed:
- Arthur and Yvonne Boyd Education Center, Riversdale
- Australian Islamic Center in Newport
- Moss Vale Education Center, Moss Vale
Unlike other architects who have Architectural offices in AustraliaGlenn Murcutt does not run a large company. His work, however, is recognized around the world, especially for teaching architecture.
5. William McDonough
There is no doubt that William McDonough is one of America's most influential green architects. He has received many awards, including the prestigious Presidential Award for Sustainable Development. In 2004 he received the National Design Award.
William McDonough, one of the top-known environmental architects, designed sustainable structures like the Ford Rouge truck factory. It had an innovative air distribution system that reduced the channel design. These trucks are still in use today.
Adam Joseph Lewis The Center for Environmental Studies at Oberlin College is one of McDonough & # 39; s finest designs. This training middle generates over 30 percent of the energy and shares it with the neighboring community.
William McDonough co-founded the Make It Right Foundation with Brad Pitt. A company that has set itself the goal of creating affordable, green and storm-proof homes.
When it comes to sustainable architecture, green architects have made important contributions to the industry. In addition to the five named architects, there are many architects who have found innovative ways to develop environmentally friendly structural designs for sustainability. These conclude Eric Corey Freed, Norman Foster, Buckminster Fuller, Peter Busby and Thom Mayne.